12th Ke Baad Judge Kaise Bane? न्यायाधीश कैसे बनें Qualification, Eligibility, Criteria 2023

12th Ke Baad Judge Kaise Bane?

Becoming a judge is an esteemed profession that requires dedication, knowledge, and a strong sense of justice. Many individuals aspire to pursue a career in the judiciary system, and it’s important to understand the path to achieving this goal. This article explores the steps one can take to become a judge after completing their 12th-grade education.

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  • न्यायिक सेवा में अनुभव: न्यायिक सेवा में कार्यरत न्यायिक अधिकारी के रूप में काम करना एक आवश्यकता है। न्यायिक सेवा के तहत अनुभव प्राप्त करने के लिए, आपको न्यायिक सेवा परीक्षा देनी होगी और सफलतापूर्वक चयनित होना होगा।
  • शैक्षिक योग्यता: न्यायिक सेवा के लिए योग्यता मानदंड विभिन्न राज्यों या संघ शासित प्रदेशों के अनुसार अलग-अलग हो सकते हैं। आमतौर पर, आपको एक स्नातक डिग्री (बीएलएल) प्राप्त करनी होगी और कुछ राज्यों में स्नातकोत्तर (एलएलबी) डिग्री आवश्यक हो सकती है।
  • उम्र: न्यायाधीश बनने के लिए आपकी उम्र निर्धारित होती है। आमतौर पर, न्यायिक सेवा के लिए मिनीमम आयु सीमा 21 वर्ष होती है, और अधिकतम आयु सीमा विभिन्न राज्यों या संघ शासित प्रदेशों के अनुसार अलग-अलग हो सकती है।
  • अच्छा चरित्र: न्यायिक सेवा के लिए, आपको एक अच्छे चरित्र का आदर्श रखना आवश्यक होता है। आपकी चरित्रगत गुणवत्ता और ईमानदारी को जांचने के लिए आवेदन करते समय और साक्षात्कार के समय प्राधिकारियों के द्वारा साक्षात्कार या चरित्रनिर्णय द्वारा मूल्यांकन किया जा सकता है।
  • नागरिकता: न्यायाधीश बनने के लिए आपको अपने देश की नागरिकता होनी चाहिए। आपको न्यायाधीश के पद के लिए योग्यता प्राप्त करने के बाद, आपकी नागरिकता की प्रमाणिकता को सत्यापित किया जाएगा।
  • अन्य योग्यताएं: इसके अलावा, अन्य योग्यताएं भी आवश्यक हो सकती हैं, जैसे कि अच्छी संघटना क्षमता, तर्कसंगत विचारधारा, लिखित और मौखिक संवाद कौशल, और न्यायिक विषयों में अच्छा ज्ञान।

यह सार्वजनिक सेवा है और इसकी योग्यता और चयन प्रक्रिया अलग-अलग राज्यों या संघ शासित प्रदेशों के अनुसार भिन्न हो सकती है। आपको अपने राज्य के न्यायिक सेवा आयोग या संघ शासित प्रदेश के न्याय विभाग की वेबस

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Understanding the educational requirements

To embark on the journey of becoming a judge, it is crucial to comprehend the educational requirements involved. Aspiring judges must acquire a law degree and meet certain eligibility criteria set by the judiciary authorities. While a bachelor’s degree in any discipline is generally the minimum requirement, pursuing a degree in a related field can be advantageous.

Choosing the right undergraduate degree

While there is no specific undergraduate degree required to become a judge, it is recommended to choose a field of study that aligns with the legal profession. Subjects like political science, history, or sociology can provide a solid foundation for future legal studies. Additionally, participating in extracurricular activities such as moot court competitions or joining a debate club can enhance critical thinking and communication skills.

Enrolling in a law school

After completing the undergraduate degree, the next step is to enroll in a reputable law school. Law schools offer comprehensive legal education and help students develop analytical and research skills necessary for the legal profession. It is essential to select a recognized law school with a good reputation to ensure quality education and better prospects in the field.

Obtaining a law degree

During the course of legal studies, students will pursue a law degree, such as a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) or Juris Doctor (J.D.), depending on the country and its legal system. These programs delve deeper into various aspects of law, including constitutional law, criminal law, civil law, and more. Students are exposed to case studies, legal research, and writing, which are essential skills for aspiring judges.

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Gaining practical experience through internships

While studying law, it is vital to gain practical experience through internships and clerkships. Interning at law firms, legal aid organizations, or under-practicing lawyers provides invaluable exposure to the real-world legal system. It allows aspiring judges to understand courtroom procedures, interact with clients, and observe the dynamics of legal practice firsthand.

Clearing the judicial services examination

Once the law degree is obtained, aspiring judges need to clear the judicial services examination conducted by the respective judiciary authorities. This examination tests the candidates’ knowledge of the law, including procedural laws, substantive laws, and legal reasoning. It is a rigorous process that assesses the candidates’ aptitude for the judiciary and their understanding of legal principles.

Appearing for the state judicial exams

In addition to the judicial services examination, aspiring judges must also appear for the state judicial exams specific to the state in which they wish to practice.

Completing the selection process

After successfully clearing the judicial services examination and state judicial exams, candidates go through a selection process that may include interviews, group discussions, and other evaluation methods. This process aims to assess the candidates’ overall suitability for the role of a judge, including their temperament, ethics, and commitment to upholding justice.

Joining as a judge

Once selected, aspiring judges have the opportunity to join the judicial system and serve as judges. They may start their careers as junior judges in lower courts and gradually progress to higher courts based on their performance and experience. It is essential to continuously learn and adapt to the changing legal landscape to excel in this esteemed profession.

Maintaining professional growth and development

As a judge, it is crucial to focus on continuous professional growth and development. Attending seminars, conferences, and workshops related to law and judiciary can help judges stay updated with legal advancements and enhance their knowledge. Engaging in legal research, publishing articles, and participating in judicial training programs are also valuable for professional development.

Challenges and rewards of a career as a judge

A career as a judge presents both challenges and rewards. Judges bear the responsibility of interpreting and applying the law impartially while ensuring justice for all. They often face complex legal cases, make critical decisions, and work under public scrutiny. However, the role of a judge also offers the satisfaction of upholding justice, protecting the rights of individuals, and contributing to the betterment of society.


Becoming a judge after completing 12th grade is a journey that requires dedication, educational qualifications, and a strong sense of justice. By pursuing a law degree, gaining practical experience, and successfully clearing the judicial services examination, aspiring individuals can embark on this honorable career path. A career as a judge is not only intellectually challenging but also rewarding as it allows individuals to make a positive impact on society through their commitment to justice.


1. Can I become a judge directly after completing my 12th grade?

No, becoming a judge requires completing a law degree and clearing the judicial services examination.

2. Is it necessary to pursue a specific undergraduate degree to become a judge?

No, there is no specific undergraduate degree required to become a judge. However, studying a related field can be beneficial.

3. How long does it take to become a judge after completing 12th grade?

The time it takes to become a judge varies based on the country, educational system, and individual circumstances. Generally, it takes several years of education and clearing examinations.

4. Are internships important for aspiring judges?

Yes, internships provide practical experience and exposure to the legal system, which is valuable for aspiring judges.

5. What are the qualities of a good judge?

Good judges possess qualities such as impartiality, integrity, strong legal knowledge, good judgment, and effective communication skills.

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